classic | mobile
 

Search...

SA Instrumentation & Control Buyers' Guide

Technews Industry Guide - IIoT 2018

Technews Industry Guide - Maintenance, Reliability & Asset Optimisation

 

Safe motion control in Ex areas
April 2018, IS & Ex


Machinery and moving equipment is a vital element in all areas of modern automated industry, but what happens when the atmosphere in the working environment is potentially explosive? In short, regulations and directives govern which machinery and equipment components can be used in such scenarios. This is particularly pertinent to motion control devices utilising pneumatics, hydraulics and electromechanical technologies. All motion creates friction on one level or another, which, if of sufficient magnitude, could provide a source of heat or ignition. Similarly, a simple switch could also be viewed as a potential ignition source. With these facts in mind, machinery and equipment OEMs must be sure only to use motion control components that are tested, rated and certified for safe use in potentially explosive atmospheres.

Hazardous environments

Explosive atmospheres in the workplace can be caused by flammable gases, mists or vapours, or by combustible dusts. If there is enough of the substance mixed with air, then all it needs is a source of ignition to cause an explosion.

ATEX (derived from the French term ATmospheres EXplosive) is the name commonly given to the European directives for controlling equipment designated for operation in explosive atmospheres. Directive 94/9/EC (also known as ATEX 100a), which came into force in 2003, concerns equipment and protective systems intended for use in potentially explosive atmospheres within the EU, setting out the minimum safety requirements.

In 2016, Directive 94/9/EC was replaced by Directive 2014/34/EU without a transition period. Although there was little effect for technology manufacturers, some of the changes included more explicit requirements for traceability of products and supply chains, as well as the roles of ‘economic operators’ such as manufacturers, authorised representatives, importers and distributors, to help market surveillance authorities. Furthermore, the titles of some documents have changed and there is a new list of formal administrative requirements relating to CE mark, declarations and markings.

For those wondering about the Machinery Directive 98/37/EC, note that a number of external requirements in 2014/34/EU refer to hazards arising from potentially explosive atmospheres, whereas the Machinery Directive only contains general requirements relating to explosion safety (Annex I 1.5.7). As a result, Directive 2014/34/EU takes precedence over the Machinery Directive with regard to protection in potentially explosive atmospheres.

Put simply, the directives state that employers have a duty to eliminate or control the risks from explosive atmospheres in the workplace. Areas where hazardous explosive atmospheres may occur must be classified into zones. The classification given to a particular zone, and its size and location, depends on the likelihood of an explosive atmosphere occurring and its persistence if it does.

Zones and classifications

There are three zones classifying the presence of a potentially explosive atmosphere: present continuously or for long periods (Gas Zone 0, Dust Zone 20); likely to occur in normal operation occasionally, typically between 10 and 1 000 hours per annum (G1, D21); and not likely to occur in normal operation but, if it does occur, will persist for a period typically less than 10 hours a year (G2, D22).

Equipment and protective systems earmarked for deployment in these zoned areas should be selected to meet the requirements of the Equipment and Protective Systems Intended for Use in Potentially Explosive Atmospheres Regulations 1996 (EPS). EPS implements the ATEX directive within the UK, regulating the supply, but not subsequent safe use of, products intended for operation in these hazardous environments. However, EPS does require the supplier to provide instructions for the safe operation of the products.

To help with equipment classification, two classification groups have been established. Group 1 equipment is intended for use in underground mines and surface installations of such mines likely to be endangered by flammable vapours and/or dusts, while Group 2 equipment is intended for use in other places exposed to explosive atmospheres. The level of protection offered in each group can be classified into normal, high and very high categories.

Motion control solutions

There are many examples of potentially explosive atmospheres across industry, not least in sectors such as oil and gas, power generation, chemical, pharmaceutical, wood processing and paint spraying. Deploying motion control solutions in these industries means using a supplier with a thorough understanding of ATEX and products that can be operated safely and with confidence.

A broad choice backed by applications expertise is vital to end users seeking a safe and effective solution to motion control in potentially explosive environments. Parker offers many components suitable for use in ATEX environments, such as cylinders (including rodless types), valves, filters/absorbers, air motors, logic controllers, push buttons, solenoids, coils, limit switches and sensors.

The company’s product catalogues contain copies of the declaration of conformity demonstrating that the components meet the requirements of ATEX. However, the declaration is only valid in conjunction with the instructions contained in the installation manual relating to the safe use of the product throughout its service life. The instructions relating to the conditions in the surrounding area are particularly important, as the certificate is invalidated if adherence to the information has been ignored during product operation.

For more information contact Lisa de Beer, Parker Hannifin SA, +27 (0)11 961 0700, lisa.debeer@parker.com, www.parker.com/za


Credit(s)
Supplied By: Parker Hannifin - Sales Company South Africa
Tel: +27 11 961 0700
Fax: +27 11 392 7213
Email: parker.southafrica@parker.com
www: www.parker.com/za
Share via email     Share via LinkedIn   Print this page

Further reading:

  • Using IIoT analytics to build customer solutions
    October 2018, Parker Hannifin - Sales Company South Africa, IT in Manufacturing
    Parker’s Voice of the Machine platform contextualises the data collected from machines.
  • Smart factory technology to power the Industry 4.0 revolution
    September 2018, Parker Hannifin - Sales Company South Africa, System Integration & Control Systems Design
    Many areas of the industrial sector are undergoing transformation, as robots, vehicles and control systems connect to the Internet. This networking trend is enabling unprecedented levels of automation, ...
  • How to choose an industrial safety controller
    September 2018, RET Automation Controls, IS & Ex
    The following are five key features to look for in a safety controller that will save time and money, as well as help ensure that operators are using the safety system correctly. As with any safety application, ...
  • Red Dot award for Parker
    September 2018, Parker Hannifin - Sales Company South Africa, News
    Parker Hannifin has been honoured with the ‘Red Dot Award: Product Design 2018’ for its integrated drying and filtration system OFAS (oil free air system). The German Red Dot Award is recognised as a ...
  • Controllers simplify machines and improve safety
    September 2018, Rockwell Automation, IS & Ex
    The Allen-Bradley GuardLogix 5580 and Compact GuardLogix 5380 controllers from Rockwell Automation can be scaled from safety system levels SIL 2/PLd to SIL 3/PLe. This scalability can help engineers optimise ...
  • Extech brings i.safe Mobile to sub-Saharan market-
    September 2018, Extech Safety Systems, IS & Ex
    Extech Safety Systems has partnered with GoRugged to distribute i.safe Mobile products in sub-Saharan Africa. The IS520.1 is an industrial smartphone with current technology for use in Zone 1/21. It combines ...
  • Fire protection for unique risks
    September 2018, Spero Sensors & Instrumentation, IS & Ex
    Risk analysis is the first phase in choosing the best fire prevention solution for a company. Sperosens offers complete fire prevention solutions, tailored to the specific requirements of each customer. ...
  • Using alarm annunciators in SIL-rated systems
    September 2018, Omniflex Remote Monitoring Specialists, IS & Ex
    In modern processing plants, the issue of functional safety is steadily gaining importance. Alarm annunciators are an integral part of safety planning, especially in processing plants where alarm conditions ...
  • How to safety-check a meter in the field
    September 2018, Comtest, IS & Ex
    Digital multimeters are designed to assist users to carry out test and measurement functions from simple to highly complex, on the bench or remotely in the field. From time to time, users should test ...
  • RS Components enables embedded safety
    September 2018, RS Components SA, IS & Ex
    DesignSpark portfolio delivers risk assessment for machine builders.
  • Automatic fire protection
    August 2018, Alien Systems & Technologies, IS & Ex
    When an insurance company evaluates a business facility, key infrastructure areas are given special attention to reduce the risk in the event of a fire. These include IT equipment, warehousing, substations, ...
  • Careful selection unlocks the potential of smart sensors
    August 2018, Parker Hannifin - Sales Company South Africa, Sensors & Transducers
    Smart sensors are facilitating the manufacturing sector’s shift to Industry 4.0. The latest smart sensors are able to share information with the controller via technologies such as IO-Link. They can also ...

 
 
         
Contact:
Technews Publishing (Pty) Ltd
1st Floor, Stabilitas House
265 Kent Ave, Randburg, 2194
South Africa
Publications by Technews
Dataweek Electronics & Communications Technology
Electronic Buyers Guide (EBG)

Hi-Tech Security Solutions
Hi-Tech Security Business Directory

Motion Control in Southern Africa
Motion Control Buyers’ Guide (MCBG)

South African Instrumentation & Control
South African Instrumentation & Control Buyers’ Guide (IBG)
Other
Terms & conditions of use, including privacy policy
PAIA Manual





 

         
    classic | mobile

Copyright © Technews Publishing (Pty) Ltd. All rights reserved.