In a new white paper, ABB reveals potential for significant energy efficiency improvements in industry and infrastructure enabled by the latest high-efficiency motors and VSDs.
According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), industry accounts for 37 percent of global energy use and some 30 percent of global energy is consumed in buildings.
While mostly hidden from public view, electric motors – and the VSDs that optimise their operation – are embedded in almost every built environment. Here they power a vast range of applications fundamental to our modern way of life, from industrial pumps, fans and conveyors for manufacturing, to propulsion systems for transport and compressors for HVAC systems.
Motor and drive technologies have seen exceptionally rapid advancement in the past decade, with today’s innovative designs delivering remarkable energy efficiency. However, a significant number of industrial electric motor-driven systems in operation today – in the region of 300 million globally – consume more power than required, resulting in substantial energy wastage.
Independent research estimates that if these systems were replaced with optimised, high-efficiency equipment, the benefits realised could reduce global electricity consumption by up to 10 percent. In turn, this would account for more than 40 percent of the reduction in greenhouse gas emissions needed to meet the 2040 climate goals established by the Paris Agreement.
“Industrial energy efficiency, more than any other challenge, has the single greatest capacity for combatting the climate emergency,” said Morten Wierod, president of ABB Motion, “it is essentially the world’s invisible climate solution. For ABB, sustainability is a key part of our company purpose and of the value that we create for all of our stakeholders. By far the biggest impact we can have in reducing greenhouse gas emissions is through our leading technologies, which reduce energy consumption in industry, buildings and transport.”
Towards a systainable society
Considerable steps have already been taken to support the uptake of electric vehicles and renewable energy sources. ABB believes it is time to do the same for an industrial technology that will deliver even greater benefits for the environment and the global economy.
“The importance of transitioning industries and infrastructure to these highly energy efficient drives and motors to play their part in a more sustainable society cannot be overstated,” continued Wierod. “With 45 percent of the world’s electricity used to power electric motors in buildings and industrial applications, investment in upgrading them will yield outsized rewards in terms of efficiency.”
ABB frequently assesses the net impact of its own installed high-efficiency motors and drives on global energy efficiency. In 2020, it enabled 198 terawatt hours of electricity savings – more than half of the UK’s annual consumption. By 2023, it is estimated that ABB motors and drives will enable customers globally to save an additional 78 terawatt hours of electricity per year, almost as much as the annual consumption of Belgium, Finland or the Philippines, and more than the total annual consumption of Chile.
Regulatory policies are among the main drivers of industrial investment in energy efficiency around the globe. While the European Union will be implementing its Ecodesign Regulation (EU 2019/1781) this year, which sets out stringent new requirements for an expanding range of energy efficient motors, many countries have yet to take action.
To take advantage of the tremendous opportunities afforded by energy efficient drives and motors to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, ABB says all stakeholders have a critical role to play:
• Public decision makers and government regulators need to incentivise their rapid adoption.
• Businesses, cities, and countries need to be aware of both the cost savings and environmental advantages, and be willing to make the investment.
• Investors need to reallocate capital towards companies better prepared to address the climate risk..
“While our role at ABB is to always provide the most efficient technologies, products and services to our customers, and continue to innovate for ever greater efficiency, that in itself is not enough,” concludes Wierod. “All stakeholders need to work together to bring about a holistic transformation in how we use energy. By acting and innovating together, we can keep critical services up and running while saving energy and combatting climate change.”
ABB’s white paper ‘Achieving the Paris Agreement: The Vital Role of High-Efficiency Motors and Drives in Reducing Energy Consumption’ can be downloaded at https://www.energyefficiencymovement.com/en/whitepaper/
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