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How adding services to products could start your journey towards an Industry 4.0 solution
October 2018, This Week's Editor's Pick, IT in Manufacturing

Digital transformation, according to Microsoft, is about reimagining how you bring together people, data and processes to create value for your customers and maintain a competitive advantage in a digital-first world.

For manufacturers, digital transformation involves understanding a range of new technologies and applying these to both create new business and to improve the current operation. Industry 4.0 provides us with some clues as to how technologies such as robotics, artificial intelligence, cloud computing and the IIoT will come together in the near future to transform the manufacturing sector.

Successfully navigating this complex landscape will require striking a balance between putting in place resilient and stable IT platforms that will last into the future, while also executing small tactical technology-based projects that can yield immediate value and help gain experience.

The clock is ticking

When considering the complexity, it is not surprising that many manufacturers who intend to embark on a digital transformation journey are still at the starting point. Short term business pressures make it difficult to know exactly how to move forward. Many people are simply too busy surviving to worry about Industry 4.0.

But the clock is ticking. For example, it is estimated (according to the US National Manufacturing Institute) that 78 million employees will retire from manufacturing in the USA in the next 10 years. By extrapolation this will be a worldwide trend. This loss of skill and expertise will have to be replaced, and the next generation of talent will be looking for companies that are well advanced in their digital transformation effort and who have more ambitious digital strategies, according to Forrester.

Implementing technology for the sake of technology itself is never a good business decision. Technology investments must always be aligned to ultimately create value for customers. Technology-enabled new business models must be found that generate additional revenue streams, protect competitive advantage and raise the barriers to entry for competitors.

Developing new capabilities in a manufacturing company

In manufacturing, it is likely that many of the fundamentals already exist and Industry 4.0 will simply continue to build on established concepts. One example is ‘servitisation’ which is the process of developing new capabilities in a manufacturing company that supplement traditional product offerings with value-added services.

Many years ago, our company was implementing servitisation to grow our competitiveness in water treatment chemicals. Instead of simply offering the chemicals as stock items in containers and drums delivered to a warehouse, we offered a complete managed service to our customers. Customers bought a ‘solution’ whereby their stock of treatment chemicals was monitored and replenished automatically by our system. This effectively provided them with an assurance that they would never have a problem with water treatment. We held stock of chemicals on their behalf and through a service-level agreement we ensured that they were always running. In today’s terms our technology was relatively antiquated, involving dial-up modems that could read stock levels on premise and automatically place an alert in our ERP system to replenish the stock.

With the IIoT and the cloud the old concept of servitisation is now given a new life. Cloud connected IIoT devices can measure many different variables relating to the use of physical products by customers. A well understood example is the ability to measure machine vibration and allowing the vendor to automatically schedule preventative maintenance. The customer is buying more than a machine, they now buy a solution consisting of a machine that is kept running optimally and serviced. This solution in turn improves customer satisfaction. The value-added services are a new source of revenue to your business (above pure machine sales), and thereby change your business model.

There are many other examples of servitisation in practice. One well known example is Rolls-Royce, who now sells power by the hour instead of traditional aircraft engines.

The concept of servitisation is not new, it came to prominence in the late 1980s. What has changed is that there are now many new digital technologies that make it a real possibility. The cloud for example makes connectivity to almost any place in the world a reality, something that back in the 1980s, when we were monitoring water treatment chemicals using dial-up modems, would have been prohibitively expensive. Mobile connected devices enable field service teams to move between sites and react to breakdowns. And so on.

I think that Microsoft’s succinct definition of digital transformation quoted at the beginning of this article is a very good summary of what is involved. Reimagining what is possible with new technology does not always mean reinventing the wheel, but rather building on established principles of business using the new technologies available. The need for manufacturers to be proactive in embracing Industry 4.0 is very important if they are to be successful into the future. For those manufacturers that are wondering where to start, perhaps take a look at some of your established products and imagine how they could be made more valuable to your customers by adding services that are now made possible by using some of the new technologies available.

Gavin Halse

Gavin Halse is a chemical process engineer who has been involved in the manufacturing sector since mid-1980. He founded a software business in 1999 which grew to develop specialised applications for mining, energy and process manufacturing in several countries. Gavin is most interested in the effective use of IT in industrial environments and now consults part time to manufacturing and software companies around the effective use of IT to achieve business results.

For more information contact Gavin Halse, Absolute Perspectives, +27 83 274 7180,,

Supplied By: Absolute Perspectives
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Further reading:

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  • Key digital transformation IT concepts for operations
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  • Nick Denbow's European report: Japan reopens nuclear power plants while progress is slow elsewhere
    November 2018, This Week's Editor's Pick
    The Fukushima nuclear power plant accident occurred back in March 2011. Following that disaster, Japan ordered the close-down of all the nuclear generating plants in the country – there were 42 of them, ...
  • The Digitalisation Productivity Bonus
    October 2018, Siemens Digital Factory & Process Indust. & Drives, This Week's Editor's Pick
    Siemens researches the value of digitalisation to manufacturers.
  • The 5 stages of cybersecurity awareness
    October 2018, IT in Manufacturing
    Before any of these recommendations can be implemented, managers must first understand and accept the risks they face and the potential consequences. An understanding of human behaviour can help. The ...
  • Energy management software
    October 2018, Yokogawa South Africa, IT in Manufacturing
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  • Using IIoT analytics to build customer solutions
    October 2018, Parker Hannifin Sales Company South, IT in Manufacturing
    Parker’s Voice of the Machine platform contextualises the data collected from machines.

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