Motion Control & Drives

Enhance machine safety with locking cylinders

March 2021 Motion Control & Drives

Stopping a pneumatic cylinder in emergency situations or during regular operations is essential to machine safety. Although there are many ways to solve this challenging application, stopping the flow of compressed air using an air circuit combined with a mechanical locking cylinder gives the most enhanced level of safety.

The energy in compressed air can be controlled and directed by solenoid valves to produce cylinder motion, but it can also be harnessed to abruptly stop cylinder motion.

The common way to stop cylinder motion is to direct the compressed air through a three-position, spring return, centre closed solenoid valve to trap the pressurised air on both sides of a cylinder in an e-stop situation. When electrical power is interrupted purposefully (e-stop), or accidentally, the spring return function will position the valve back to the centre, trapping the pressurised air and thus halting all motion.

Although stopping a cylinder with a pneumatic circuit can be highly effective, this method alone is not recommended for maintaining the cylinder in its stopped position, especially when it is bearing a heavy vertical load.

The primary reasons for not solely relying on a three-position, centre closed valve for holding cylinder position include:

• Risk of air leaking from the seals of the valve’s outlet ports.

• Risk of air leaking from the seals of the valve’s spools.

• Risk of the spring force not holding the valve in the centre closed position.

• Risk of cylinder drift caused by the area differential on the piston extend side vs. the retract side.

• Risk of air leaks from the overall system (fittings, tubing etc.)

All of these risks can be mitigated by adding a mechanical rod lock to the cylinder.

Locking cylinders come in two types: locking type or end lock of the rod at extension or retraction; and a braking type or fine lock, where the piston rod can stop and maintain a position at mid stroke. Both types of locking mechanisms can be activated by either applying or removing pressurised air from the braking unit.

Some common applications for locking or braking cylinders are:

• Press, clamping or holding a cylinder position for welding, drilling, etc.

• Stopping a cylinder to maintain a safety zone during repairs.

• Holding a static load.

• Drop prevention.

• Emergency stop.

Note: Installing a pressure regulator and flow controls to balance the air pressure for the circuit to adjust for piston area differential is also recommended when using an end lock or fine lock cylinder.


Share this article:
Share via emailShare via LinkedInPrint this page

Further reading:

BMG’S Nord IE5+ motor generation
October 2021, Bearing Man Group t/a BMG , Motion Control & Drives
BMG and German precision engineers, Getriebebau Nord, entered a partnership agreement in 1996 to assemble, distribute and support Nord Drive Systems throughout southern Africa.

V-belts designed for food applications
September 2021, Bearing Man Group t/a BMG , Motion Control & Drives
BMG supplies a wide range of power transmission components, designed to enhance efficiency and safety in the food and beverage sector.

Control automation excellence
September 2021, SEW-Eurodrive , Motion Control & Drives
Movi-C from SEW-EURODRIVE is a unique automation control system that sets a new benchmark in control automation, embracing Industry 4.0 technology.

Efficient agriculture systems from BMG
Technews Industry Guide: Sustainable Manufacturing 2021, Bearing Man Group t/a BMG , Motion Control & Drives
BMG’s Boer Slim/Smart-Farming agricultural team works closely with farmers throughout southern Africa, assisting them with the selection, installation and operation of new electromechanical systems. These ...

Remove water from factory air
Technews Industry Guide: Sustainable Manufacturing 2021, SMC Corporation South Africa , Maintenance, Test & Measurement, Calibration
A leading cause of costly downtime and emergency maintenance is water vapour and the resulting condensed water that is trapped in factory compressed air.

Inertial spin filters save energy
Technews Industry Guide: Sustainable Manufacturing 2021 , Motion Control & Drives
RTS Africa’s inertial spin filters provide an effective, maintenance-free solution to dust problems in MCC rooms, transformer rooms, control rooms and the like.

Drives for the chemical sector
July 2021, Bearing Man Group t/a BMG , Motion Control & Drives
BMG’s range of Danfoss electronic, mechanical and intelligent mechatronic devices are designed to optimise automation processes and reduce energy consumption in many sectors, including the chemical industry.  ...

The benefits of mobile robots and cobots
July 2021, Omron Electronics , Motion Control & Drives
Easily configurable production lines will in future consist of collaborative and flexible transport and transfer solutions, tailored to specific production environments.

XTS transport system handles demanding packaging applications
July 2021, Beckhoff Automation , Motion Control & Drives
Beckhoff’s intelligent XTS transport system sorts bottles while managing automatic format changeovers.

Ana-Digi boosts energy efficiency at local mine
Technews Industry Guide: Sustainable Manufacturing 2021, Ana-Digi Systems , Motion Control & Drives
When a major player in the gold mining industry wanted to reduce the high cost of electricity required to run the shaft ventilation fans at a particular site, it approached Ana-Digi Systems for a solution.